[Summary from: Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 2008] The goal of this study was to explore whether differences in student academic indicators exist between taking a course face-to-face (F2F) and taking a course via distance education (DE).
Results indicated that there was a statistically significant difference in final grade, DFW rates, and end of term course evaluation response rates between the course offerings. Further analysis suggested that freshman grade performance was significantly different between course offerings.
Urtel, M. (2008). Assessing Academic Performance Between Traditional and Distance Education Course Formats, Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 11 (1).