Ecampus Schedule of Classes - All Terms

Botany and Plant Pathology Course Schedule

Click on course title(s) below to access course description, syllabi, and textbook information for your course(s). Contact OSU Ecampus at 800-667-1465 (option 1) or ecampus.ess@oregonstate.edu for assistance.

Note: The Ecampus schedule of classes includes available courses for the current term and up to three future terms. Class offerings are continually updated and may be added, removed, or rescheduled without notice. Check back frequently for current information.

BOT 003 – Undergraduate Research (0)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24375094000Curtis, M.Online Open10900
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Sp24571044000Honan, A.Online Open101000
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Su24732664000Curtis, M.Online Open101000
Class Notes: Jun 24-Sep 6 Session 1
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Full TermSession 1 (Full Term)
Find textbooks for BOT 003 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 004 – Internship (0)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24402394000Curtis, M.Online Open5500
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Sp24571054000Honan, A.Online Open10900
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Su24732674000Curtis, M.Online Open101000
Class Notes: Jun 24-Sep 6 Session 1
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Full TermSession 1 (Full Term)
F24182514000StaffOnline Open101000
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact department to request syllabus.
Find textbooks for BOT 004 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 220 – Introduction to Plant Biology (4)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24364994004Curtis, M.Online Closed80-900
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Su24711544004Curtis, M.Online Open808000
Class Notes: Jun 24-Aug 16 Session 3
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Summer 8 Week SessionSession 3 (Summer 8 Week Session)
Find textbooks for BOT 220 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 313 – Plant Structure (4)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
Sp24541284004Smyth, J.Online Open403700
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: ( (BI 212 [D-] or BI 212H [D-] ) and ( (BI 211 [D-] or BI 211H [D-] ) or (BI 213 [D-] or BI 213H [D-] ) ) or ( (BI 221 [D-] or BI 221H [D-] ) and (BI 222 [D-] or BI 222H [D-] ) or (BI 205 [D-] and BI 206 [D-] )
Major Restrictions: +515 (Botany)
Campus Restrictions: +DSC (Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Su24722014004Smyth, J.Online Open404000
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: ( (BI 212 [D-] or BI 212H [D-] ) and ( (BI 211 [D-] or BI 211H [D-] ) or (BI 213 [D-] or BI 213H [D-] ) ) or ( (BI 221 [D-] or BI 221H [D-] ) and (BI 222 [D-] or BI 222H [D-] ) or (BI 205 [D-] and BI 206 [D-] )
Campus Restrictions: +B, +DSC (Casc, Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Class Notes: Jun 24-Sep 6 Session 1
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Full TermSession 1 (Full Term)
Find textbooks for BOT 313 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 321 – Plant Systematics (4)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
Su24727094004Di Meglio, E.Online Open505000
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: BI 223
Campus Restrictions: +B, +DSC (Casc, Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Class Notes: Jun 24-Aug 16 Session 3
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Summer 8 Week SessionSession 3 (Summer 8 Week Session)
F24147124004StaffOnline Open505000
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: BI 223
Campus Restrictions: +B, +DSC (Casc, Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact department to request syllabus.
Find textbooks for BOT 321 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 323 – Flowering Plants of the World (3)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
Sp24568944003Di Meglio, E.Online Open20900
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: (BI 221, BI 222, BI 223) or (BI 204, BI 205, BI 206)
Campus Restrictions: +DSC (Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
F24150854003StaffOnline Open202000
Registration Restrictions
Major Restrictions: +515 (Botany)
Recommended: (BI 221, BI 222, BI 223) or (BI 204, BI 205, BI 206)
Campus Restrictions: +DSC (Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact department to request syllabus.
Find textbooks for BOT 323 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 324 – Fungi in Society (3)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24365004003Lorang, J.Online Closed70000
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: One course in biological sciences.
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Su24724044003Lorang, J.Online Open707000
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: One course in biological sciences.
Class Notes: Jun 24-Aug 16 Session 3 One course in biological sciences recommended.
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Summer 8 Week SessionSession 3 (Summer 8 Week Session)
F24135914003StaffOnline Open707000
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: One course in biological sciences.
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact department to request syllabus.
Find textbooks for BOT 324 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 331 – Plant Physiology (4)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
Sp24522494004Curtis, M.Online Open605200
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: ( (BI 212 [D-] or BI 212H [D-] ) and (BI 213 [D-] or BI 213H [D-] ) ) or ( (BI 221 [D-] or BI 221H [D-] ) and (BI 222 [D-] or BI 222H [D-] )(BI 205 [D-] and BI 206 [D-] ) and (CH 123 [D-] or (CH 233 [D-] and CH 263 [D-] ) or (CH 233H [D-] and CH 263H [D-] )
Recommended: (BI 213 or BI 213H or BI 223 or BI 223H) and (CH 123 or (CH 233 and CH 263))
Campus Restrictions: +DSC (Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
F24147414004StaffOnline Open707000
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: ( (BI 212 [D-] or BI 212H [D-] ) and (BI 213 [D-] or BI 213H [D-] ) ) or ( (BI 221 [D-] or BI 221H [D-] ) and (BI 222 [D-] or BI 222H [D-] )(BI 205 [D-] and BI 206 [D-] ) and (CH 123 [D-] or (CH 233 [D-] and CH 263 [D-] ) or (CH 233H [D-] and CH 263H [D-] )
Recommended: (BI 213 or BI 213H or BI 223 or BI 223H) and (CH 123 or (CH 233 and CH 263))
Campus Restrictions: +B, +DSC (Casc, Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact department to request syllabus.
Find textbooks for BOT 331 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 332 – Laboratory Techniques in Plant Biology (3)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24370854003Smyth, J.Online Open402055
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: BB 314 [D-] or BB 314H [D-] or BOT 331 [D-]
Recommended: BI 311 or PBG 430
Campus Restrictions: +B, +DSC (Casc, Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Su24724034003Smyth, J.Online Open404000
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: BB 314 [D-] or BB 314H [D-] or BOT 331 [D-]
Recommended: BI 311 or PBG 430
Class Notes: Jun 24-Sep 6 Session 1 Readings on Canvas. Additional lab materials ($40) list on Canvas.
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Full TermSession 1 (Full Term)
Find textbooks for BOT 332 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 341 – Plant Ecology (4)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24361254004Di Meglio, E.Online Waitlisted40-155
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: BOT 321 and BI 223
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Sp24525704004Honan, A.Online Open403555
Registration Restrictions
Major Restrictions: +515 (Botany)
Recommended: BOT 321 and BI 223
Campus Restrictions: +DSC (Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
F24143394004StaffOnline Open404000
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: BOT 321 and BI 223
Campus Restrictions: +B, +DSC (Casc, Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact department to request syllabus.
Find textbooks for BOT 341 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 401 – Research (1-16)

This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24362954001Curtis, M.Online Closed0000
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Find textbooks for BOT 401 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 406 – Projects: Curatorial Assistant (1-6)

This course is repeatable for a maximum of 6 credits.

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
F24176734001-6StaffOnline Open151500
Class Notes: Assist with curatorial projects in OSU Herbarium.
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact department to request syllabus.
Find textbooks for BOT 406 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 407 – Seminar (1)

This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24353514001P/NCurtis, M.Online Open11200
Registration Restrictions
Campus Restrictions: +DSC (Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
College Limitations: +01 (AgSci)
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Sp24553104001P/NCurtis, M.Online Open101000
Registration Restrictions
Campus Restrictions: +DSC (Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
College Limitations: +01 (AgSci)
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
F24157204001P/NStaffOnline Open151500
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact department to request syllabus.
Find textbooks for BOT 407 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 410 – Internship (1-16)

This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24353384001-16Curtis, M.Online Open101000
Registration Restrictions
Campus Restrictions: +DSC (Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
College Limitations: +01 (AgSci)
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Sp24553114001-16Curtis, M.Online Open5500
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Su24727604001-16Curtis, M.Online Open3300
Registration Restrictions
Major Restrictions: +515 (Botany)
Campus Restrictions: +DSC (Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
College Limitations: +01 (AgSci)
Class Notes: Jun 24-Sep 6 Session 1
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Full TermSession 1 (Full Term)
F24150564001-16StaffOnline Open101000
Registration Restrictions
Campus Restrictions: +DSC (Dist. Degree Corvallis Student)
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact department to request syllabus.
Find textbooks for BOT 410 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 411 – Leveraging Your Experiential Learning (1)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24357924001Curtis, M.Online Open20300
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Find textbooks for BOT 411 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 440 – Field Methods in Plant Ecology (4)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
Sp24525714004Thomas, D.Online Closed30000
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: Course in ecology and a course in statistics.
Class Notes: Students will be required to purchase field lab kits.

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Su24704034004Thomas, D.Online Open252555
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: Course in ecology and a course in statistics.
Class Notes: Jun 24-Sep 6 Session 1 SEE CANVAS AND/OR INSTRUCTOR FOR COURSE MATERIALS - NO COST
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Full TermSession 1 (Full Term)
Find textbooks for BOT 440 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 451 – Plant Pathology (4)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24387404004Lorang, J.Online Closed40000
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: ( (BI 211 [C-] or BI 211H [C-] ) and (BI 212 [C-] or BI 212H [C-] ) and (BI 213 [C-] or BI 213H [C-] ) ) or ( (BI 221 [C-] or BI 221H [C-] ) and (BI 222 [C-] or BI 222H [C-] ) and (BI 223 [C-] or BI 223H [C-] ) or (BI 204 [C-] and BI 205 [C-] and BI 206 [C-] )
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Sp24587984004Lorang, J.Online Open403400
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: ( (BI 211 [C-] or BI 211H [C-] ) and (BI 212 [C-] or BI 212H [C-] ) and (BI 213 [C-] or BI 213H [C-] ) ) or ( (BI 221 [C-] or BI 221H [C-] ) and (BI 222 [C-] or BI 222H [C-] ) and (BI 223 [C-] or BI 223H [C-] ) or (BI 204 [C-] and BI 205 [C-] and BI 206 [C-] )
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Find textbooks for BOT 451 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 461 – Mycology (4)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
Sp24571644004Honan, A.Online Open301800
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: ( (BI 211 [C-] or BI 211H [C-] ) and (BI 212 [C-] or BI 212H [C-] ) and (BI 213 [C-] or BI 213H [C-] ) ) or (BI 204 [C-] and BI 205 [C-] and BI 206 [C-] ) or ( (BI 221 [C-] or BI 221H [C-] ) and (BI 222 [C-] or BI 222H [C-] ) and (BI 223 [C-] or BI 223H [C-] )
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Find textbooks for BOT 461 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 462 – Fungal Ecology (3)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24387414003Honan, A.Online Open40131515
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: BOT 461 [C-] or BOT 341 [C-] or BI 370 [C-] or BI 370H [C-] or FES 341 [C-] or HORT 318 [C-]
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Su24739964003Honan, A.Online Open40401515
Registration Restrictions
Enforced Prereqs: BOT 461 [C-] or BOT 341 [C-] or BI 370 [C-] or BI 370H [C-] or FES 341 [C-] or HORT 318 [C-]
Class Notes: Jun 24-Sep 6 Session 1
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Full TermSession 1 (Full Term)
Find textbooks for BOT 462 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 465 – Lichenology (4)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
W24354664004Di Meglio, E.Online Open30300
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: (BI 213 or BI 223) and two botany courses
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Sp24551294004Di Meglio, E.Online Open302800
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: (BI 213 or BI 223) and two botany courses
Class Notes:

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Find textbooks for BOT 465 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.


BOT 540 – Field Methods in Plant Ecology (4)

TermCRNSecCrP/NInstructorTypeStatusCapAvailWL CapWL Avail
Sp24525724004Thomas, D.Online Closed10000
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: Course in ecology and a course in statistics.
Class Notes: Students will be required to purchase field lab kits. Does not meet Graduate School's stand-alone requirement.

Textbooks  [ Textbooks]

Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Su24704044004Thomas, D.Online Open131355
Registration Restrictions
Recommended: Course in ecology and a course in statistics.
Class Notes: Jun 24-Sep 6 Session 1 SEE CANVAS AND/OR INSTRUCTOR FOR COURSE MATERIALS - NO COST Does not meet Graduate School's stand-alone requirement.
Syllabus: Available in Canvas to students enrolled in this course. Or contact instructor to request syllabus. (Note: An ONID account is required to view OSU's online directory.)
Session: Full TermSession 1 (Full Term)
Find textbooks for BOT 540 at the OSU Beaver Store (current term only). For questions related to course materials, contact the OSU Beaver Store.



Legend
= Signifies the course as a Baccalaureate Core Course.
= Signifies that fees may apply to the course.
+ = Include restriction.
- = Exclude restriction.
* = Prereq may be taken prior to or simultaneously with this course.